The National Fire Prevention Association announced
that the theme for Fire Prevention Week 2010 will be "Smoke Alarms:
A Sound You Can Live With" Start planning your Fire
Prevention Week activities now.
Fire Prevention Week History
Week started to commemorate the Great Chicago Fire in October of
1871. The Great Chicago Fire killed more than 250 people, left
100,000 homeless, destroyed more than 17,400 structures, and burned
more than 2,000 acres. United States
President Calvin Coolidge proclaimed the first National Prevention
week in 1925. President Coolidge noted that some 15,000 lives
were lost in the United States alone during the previous year.
"This waste results from the conditions which justify a sense of
shame and horror; for the greater part of it could and ought to be
prevented... It is highly desirable that every effort be made to
reform the conditions which have made possible so vast a destruction
of the national wealth".
-President Calvin Coolidge
Fire Protection Association continues today to make National Fire
Prevention Week a priority and counts on the participation of tens
of thousands of fire and safety personnel to reduce the risk of fire
and its toll on society. Fire Prevention week has historically
been observed beginning on the first Sunday in October and ending
the following Sunday.
cut the risk of dying in a reported fire in half.
(96%) have at least one smoke alarm (according to a 2008 telephone
three-quarters of all U.S. homes have at least one working smoke
nearly 3,000 people die in U.S. home fires.
roughly two-thirds of home fire deaths resulted from home fires in
homes with no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms.
- No smoke alarms were present in 40% of the home fire deaths.
- In 23% of the home fire deaths, smoke alarms were present but
did not sound.
In more than
half of the reported home fires in which the smoke alarms were
present but did not operate even though the fire was large enough,
batteries were missing or disconnected. Nuisance alarms were the
leading reason for disconnected alarms.
half of the smoke alarms found in reported fires and two-thirds of
the alarms found in homes with fire deaths were powered by battery
still have smoke alarms powered by battery only. In a 2007
American Housing Survey (AHS), 67% of the respondents who reported
having smoke alarms said they were powered by battery only.
In a 2008
telephone survey, only 12% knew that smoke alarms should be
replaced every 10 years.
considered large enough to activate a smoke alarm, hard-wired
alarms operated 91% of the time; battery-powered smoke alarms
operated 75% of the time.
Interconnected smoke alarms on all floors increase safety.
- In a U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) survey of
households with any fires, interconnected smoke alarms were more
likely to operate and alert occupants to a fire. (This includes
fires in which the fire department was not called.)
NFPA's Fire Prevention Week Web site, www.firepreventionweek.org.
2008 It's Fire Prevention Week
Prevent Home Fires!